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Concentrates on image complexes art, photography, and cinema and visual environments architecture, urban planning, and public rituals of India; examination of visual culture through thematic issues such as, sexuality, patronage, cultural encounter, transculturation, ways of viewing, modernism, and nationalism.

Explores how ancient Indian traditions have been reframed for the modern age. Topics include the Ramayama in popular media, negotiations over sacred spaces, and popular Tantra. We will also examine recent controversies, such as the one surrounding the ancient Jain practice of fasting until death sallekhana in the modern age. Provides an overview of the Chinese language from historical and contemporary perspectives. It will focus on phonetics and phonology the sound system , dialectology, and orthography the writing system. The mastery of the knowledge learned in this course is essential for further study in Chinese linguistics.

Since the study of Chinese linguistics is often abstract and counterintuitive, you can expect to sharpen your critical and analytical thinking skills throughout this course. It will focus on morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Since the study of Chinese linguistics is often abstract and counter intuitive, you can expect to sharpen your critical and analytical thinking skills throughout this course. Topics in the study of the visual cultures of East Asia from antiquity to the present.

Focuses on illustrative texts and genres, major historiographic, theoretical, and methodological issues, and the technologies of vision and visuality in China, Japan, and Korea. Phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern standard colloquial Japanese, including historical and dialectal aspects. Therevada Buddhism in Southeast Asia; ideas and basic tenets; history and its impact on social and political institutions; the monastic order and relations with the states; roles in the early history up to the present; focus on Thailand, Burma and Cambodia.

The rise and development of mysticism in Islam; basic Sufi doctrines, values and practices; life and works of important speculative and popular Sufi saints; Sufi brotherhoods in the Middle East, South Asia and North Africa.

Public perception of genetically-modified (GM) food: A Nationwide Chinese Consumer Study

Japanese warriors, their ideals, and their images from the tenth century to the present. Events leading to the Pearl Harbor attack, the conduct of World War II in the Pacific, the nature of the wartime Japanese state and effects of the war on Japanese society, the dropping of the atomic bombs, and Japan's decision to surrender.

The war as an epoch in Japanese history. Effects of the modern Western revolution on the established societies of Southeast Asia through colonial rule and economic and cultural change. Requisites: Junior standing. Explores the history of Yoga techniques from the ancient to the modern period. Survey of the fundamental trends in Buddhist thought through the works of major philosophers.

Themes include the concept of "selflessness" and concomitant theories of essencelessness, perception, language and rationality. Examines contemplative practices in the two major Indian religions, Buddhism and Hinduism. Covers practices described in ancient texts but also provides an overview of selected modern practices. Study of literature, drama, and film produced by authors of South Asian origin in Europe, North America, and the Caribbean.

Course considers theories of diaspora, changing patterns of subcontinental migration, and relation of diasporic forms to the cultures of origin and adoption. Looking at the cultural institutions of politics, medicine, and religion in multiple cultures and historical times, students will explore ideas about what constitutes a perfect body, how and why different parts of the body are privileged over others, and how and why the notion of bodily perfectibility differs for men and women, children and adults, and humans and gods.

Readings encourage such questions as: Is the perfect body attainable and, if so, how? And, who benefits from bodily perfection or the rhetoric of the bodily perfection? We will ask these questions with comparative intent: we want both to learn about cultures other than our own and, in the process of understanding the other, we will ask how this new knowledge might empower us to be more observant and critical of the role s and treatment of the body in our own society historically and today.

Provides an extensive overview of the literature during Japan's early modern or Edo period The main goal of the course is to introduce students to the literature of this period through readings in the original early modern Japanese language. Extensive readings in modern Japanese literature and discussion of literary content. Enroll Info: Students may repeat this course if the topic is different.

Study of religions and philosophies offered by a UW-approved study-abroad program outside the United States. Extensive readings in classical Chinese literature, including poetry and prose. Repeatable for Credit: Yes, for 1 number of completions. Extensive readings in early Modern or Classical Japanese literature, and discussion of visual-verbal content. An examination of methodological and theoretical issues in Asian humanities, with emphasis on literary, religious, and cultural studies. Historical and structural analysis and discussion of specific topics in one or more religions of Asia.

Requisites: Senior standing. Spatial lagacy of colonialism; explores important ways in which the population, landscape, architecture, and urban environment of colonies were mapped, made, and represented, particularly in the 19th and 20th centuries; theoretical and empirical analyses from diverse disciplines and spatial terrain. Introduction to Chinese historical linguistics, including the sound systems of the Shih-ching, T'ang poems, and Yuan songs, and their historical relations to the sounds of modern Mandarin, and syntactic interaction between classical and vernacular Chinese.

Development and exchange of scholarly information on specific topics in the field of linguistics. It rotates between various topics about the Chinese language from contemporary perspectives. It may focus on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, second language acquisition, or discourse analysis. Covers the history of Chinese Literature from the early Zhou times through the May Fourth Movement and includes introduction to poetry and prose.

Advanced topics in theories focused on the mechanisms of contemplative practices such as mindfulness, focused attention and compassion practices, with special emphasis on the interaction of traditional theories from contemplative traditions such as Buddhism and more recent theoretical accounts in psychology and cognitive science. An in-depth study of selected texts of and about traditional Chinese drama, from the Yuan dynasty through the twentieth century. Recordings of related performances will be viewed whenever possible, and supplemented with discussion of the social contexts of actors, audiences, and theaters.

TRAVELING SOUTHEAST ASIA - Route / Budget / Food / Tips

Readings and viewings will be conducted in the original Chinese, supplemented by English translations when available. Intensive study of selected short story and novel texts from the xiaoshuo tradition.

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In addition to the primary texts, traditional and modern audience reception, criticism, and adaptations will be discussed. Readings will be conducted in the original Chinese, supplemented by English translations when available. Enroll Info: The course can be repeated if the topic differs. Students engage in an independent research under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Second semester is devoted to writing the thesis paper under the guidance of a faculty advisor. The senior thesis involves research conducted in collaboration with a faculty member non-honors student. The senior thesis involves research conducted in collaboration with a faculty member.

Directed study offers the student an opportunity to work with a faculty member on an individual study program. Offers the student an opportunity to work with a faculty member on an individual study program. Enroll Info: Students must have junior or senior standing. Theoretical background and recent trends in foreign language teaching.

However, the distribution found in our survey of where consumers were purchasing their fresh foods indicates that there are still some major obstacles to modern retail achieving the high market share across all product categories enjoyed in most high income economies. Qualitative interviews elicited some of the reasons for these differential buying patterns. Supermarkets were much preferred by many consumers on factors ranging from atmosphere particularly air conditioning , car parking availability, hygiene, and price for some food types.

When buying fresh foods though these qualities were considered less important than the freshness of produce at the fresh market and the availability of traditional local vegetables and local food stuffs. The importance of fresh markets in local culture and livelihoods also appeared in many responses. Although Thais are exposed to a modern globalized culture they retain a strong pride in their culinary culture and there is a fundamental link between this local food culture and fresh markets which supermarkets are so far not able to penetrate.

Also important are observations that Thai fresh markets are already beginning to adapt and change to modern lifestyles and consumer requirements and preferences. Opening hours are changing, more diverse foods are available and perhaps most importantly physical premises are being improved and made more hygienic.

This process is being assisted by government agencies, particularly the Ministry of Public Health, and may bolster the long-term survival of fresh markets. The expansion of supermarkets in Thailand into the fresh food sector may face cultural and economic limits, at least in the short to middle term.

Our study revealed some of the cultural and social reasons behind consumer preferences for fresh markets. According to a recent comprehensive study of the Thai retail sector by Gen the commercial limits on continued modern retail expansion may be equally important. This is largely due to high-income inequality, with very low disposable incomes in rural areas. With such dispersed coverage distribution costs are high and competitive advantage becomes difficult. He concludes, as does our study, that a mixed and diverse food retail environment is the likely outcome Gen Research in Hong Kong and mainland China has also shown that, as in Thailand, modern retail had to some extent achieved diffusion in socio-economic and geographic segments but their failure to capture the fresh food sector was restricting the ability of modern retail to continue to capture market share Goldman et al.

Interesting evidence has emerged in Brazil where despite the several decades of exposure to and expansion by large scale modern food retailing market share has not continued to grow, in fact traditional retail and small independent stores have actually expanded their market share in recent years Monteiro et al. The future for modern food retailing in developing countries then may not necessarily be continued exponential growth.

ASMSS:Annual Symposium on Management and Social Sciences

Control of the fresh food sector may remain elusive and the long run outcome, particularly in East and Southeast Asia, may be a bifurcated food system, with modern and traditional retail each retaining a significant share of the market Humphrey Although our sample is drawn from a primarily urban and relatively well educated segment of the Thai population the conclusions drawn are important for the future of food retailing in Thailand. This group, being urban and largely middle class, has been exposed to supermarkets and other modern food retailing for longer than many others in Thailand and we can therefore see how this long term exposure affects shopping behaviors and attitudes towards various food retail formats and predict future trends in the food sector.

As we have observed the continuing dominance of the traditional retail sector in the fresh food purchasing behavior of this sample group has important implications, implying a limited ability of supermarkets to expand market share. This has important health equity implications for the Thai population.

Fresh markets act as important livelihood sources for both market sellers and their communities, who would not easily find employment in modern food retail sectors. As well as market vendors themselves, a veritable army of hawkers nationwide, informal workers, rely on cheap wholefoods from fresh markets to further process and add value for their income.

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Also, poorer Thais rely on fresh market access for affordable health promoting fresh foods Kelly et al. However, in most western developed nations there was a long time lag between the emergence of modern food retail and their eventual domination of the fresh food sector Reardon et al.

This domination arises through efficient supply chains and contracts with farmers enabling standardized quality produce to become cheaper than traditional supply chains. Supermarkets can then aggressively undersell traditional retail that in turn becomes less financially viable.

Thus the cultural and social limitations on modern retail spread in the short to mid-term, as discussed in this paper, may not be sufficient to halt the process of diffusion over the longer term. As a result, the sustained future of fresh markets may depend on public policy support.

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  • This particular cultural and economic strategy combined with strong consumer preferences for fresh markets and their social economic and health benefits justify the use of policy approaches which more actively protect and assist fresh markets.